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Indiana Prevention Resource Center (IPRC)

School Based Student Drug Testing Programs

School based student drug testing has been in effect for almost three decades. While some research has shown positive effects of randomized drug testing, there are also multiple studies that have shown no effect of the practice. Two separate US Supreme Court rulings have decided that drug testing student-athletes and those involved in extracurricular activities is constitutional, however, there are several federal guidelines schools should follow if they decide to implement drug testing with their students. Keeping these constraints in mind, schools may find it more worthwhile to implement universal prevention efforts school-wide to reach more students with evidenced-based strategies.